The Immunohistochemical Assessment of Muc5ac in Patients with Gastric Carcinoma (Gc) in Iraq
The expression of MUC5AC has been associated with the loss of the differentiation, TNM system, and nodal metastasis, in many cancers including gastric carcinoma (GC).Objective: To evaluate whether the MUC5AC could be used as a predictor in patients with GC and to assess the correlation between the expression of MUC5AC& the clinicpathological parameters as age, sex, histopathological subtypes, grade and stage of the tumor. This is a retrospective study conducted on 60 randomly selected patients (30 normal vs 30 GC), at the Pathology Department of the Gastroenterology and Hepatology Teaching Hospital&some private laboratories. They were collected and diagnosed during the period 2014-2018. Histological sections were stained with H&E and IHC stained for MUC5AC. The Statistical analysis was done using SPSS system, and the difference was regarded as significant. Expression of MUC5AC was significantly Decrease (p<0.05) in GC group compared with control group.The mean age of the patients was 48.39 years, expression of the MUC5AC was shown in 66.6%of the GC cases, in this study, there was a significant correlation between MUC5AC positivity and lymph node involvement, there was non-significant correlation between expression of MUC5AC and age, sex, histopathological subtypes, grade and stage of GC. Results showed that decrease and increase of expression of the MUC5AC was a closely associated with GC and infected lymph node respectively.These results suggested that MUC5AC can be utilized as an ancillary marker for diagnosis the infected lymph node and malignant transformation of GC but it seemed to have no distinct role in predicting grade and stage outcomes in patients with GC.