Epidemiology of Some Parasitic Helminthes in Iraq from 2011 until 2015

Authors

  • Entsar J. Saheb Department of Biology, College of Science, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
  • Sinan Ghazi Mahdi Communicable Diseases Control Center, Parasitology and Helmanthology Units in Baghdad, Iraq
  • Israa S. Mosa Department of Biology, College of Science, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq.
  • Muthana Ibrahim Abdul Karim Communicable Diseases Control Center, Parasitology and Helmanthology Units in Baghdad, Iraq
  • Adnan Nawar Khistawi Communicable Diseases Control Center, Parasitology and Helmanthology Units in Baghdad, Iraq

Keywords:

Prevalence, Schistosomiasis, Echinococcosis

Abstract

Helminthes are among transmitting pathogens including Ancylostomiasis,
Ascariasis, Enterobiasis, Hymenolepiasis, Strongyloidiasis, Taeniasis, Trichuriasis,
Schistosomiasis, Echinococcosis. These helminthes have high effect on public
health in human population around the world. Iraq is one of the most important
endemic areas in the Middle East.The objective of this study is to determine the
prevalence of some parasitic helminthes in Iraq from 2011 until 2015. This study
was carried out in all Iraqi governorates from 2011until June, 2015.In 2015, the
results showed that 6 patients were infected with Ancylostomiasis, 89 patients were
infected with Ascariasis, 56206 patients were infected with Enterobiasis, 173patients
were infected with Hymenolepiasis, non-patient infected with Strongyloidiasis.
25patients were infected with Taeniasis, 9 cases were infected with Trichuriasis.
During the last five years, Iraq was absent of schistosomiasis. Conceding
Echinococcosis infection, there were a total of 4769 patients. In 2011, 2012 and
2013 Najaf showed the highest incidence rates of infections 302 patients,277
patients and 215 patients respectively, while Babel, Salaheldin, Wasit, Anbar and
Baghdad kerkh governorates had the lowest rate of Echinococcosis infection. In
2014, Thiqar showed the highest incidence rates of Echinococcosis infections (168
patients).In 2015, 81 patients were found in Najaf which reveling the highest
incidence rate. Baghdad kerkhdid not record any infections. In conclusion during the
time of this study, Iraq successfully eliminate Strongyloidiasis and schistosomiasis,
on the other hand Enterobiasis and Echinococcosis represents a health problem in
Iraq.

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Published

2022-01-05

How to Cite

Saheb, E. J. ., Mahdi , S. G., Mosa, I. S. ., Abdul Karim, M. I., & Khistawi, A. N. (2022). Epidemiology of Some Parasitic Helminthes in Iraq from 2011 until 2015. Iraqi Journal of Science, 58(2B), 789–796. Retrieved from https://ijs.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/eijs/article/view/6021

Issue

Section

Biology