Estimate Antimicrobial activity and Anti-biofilm formation of bark Cinnamomum zeylanicum on Klebsiella pneumoniae isolated from Urinary Tract Infections

  • Enass Ghassan Sweedan Department of Biology, College of Science, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
Keywords: K. pneumoniae, UTIs, biofilm formation, Antimicrobial activity

Abstract

Five isolates (25%) of Klebsiella pneumoniae were isolated from urine samples. In addition also isolated bacteria were (10) 50% Escherichia coli, while (3)15% Proteus spp., (2)10% Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The ethanolic extract of Cinnamomum zeylanicum bark were tested against Klebsiella pneumoniae by using the well agar diffusion test, the alcoholic bark extract from (200 -12.5) mg/ml possessed antimicrobial activity against tested microorganism. At 200 mg/ml, and 100 mg/ml concentrations was diameter of inhibition zone rang from (18-26mm), (14-16mm) respectively, and these results compared to antibiotics Norfloxacin(10µg) inhibition zone (24-30mm), and Cefotaxim (10 µg) (26-27mm) as control. Antibiotics sensetivity were used ten antibiotics with disc diffusion method against K. pneumoniae, they were sensitive to Cefotaxime, Imipenem /Cilactin,Sparfloxacin, and  Norfloxacin antibiotics only, and were resisted to the others antibiotics. Minimum inhibitory concentration was tested for plant extract, and was ranged versus Klebsiella pneumoniae (12.5-25) mg/ml. It could be concluded that alcoholic extract of Cinnamomum zeylanicum had a good antimicrobial effects and anti-biofilm on Klebsiella pneumoniae with significant difference (p< 0.05). This caused a decrease in the biofilm of the tested bacteria. Hence, it may be used instead of antibiotics to treat UTIs caused by bacteria used in current study.

Published
2018-09-25
How to Cite
Sweedan, E. G. (2018). Estimate Antimicrobial activity and Anti-biofilm formation of bark Cinnamomum zeylanicum on Klebsiella pneumoniae isolated from Urinary Tract Infections. Iraqi Journal of Science, 59(3C), 1560-1566. Retrieved from https://ijs.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/eijs/article/view/503
Section
Biology