Using Chaos and Ant Track Attributes to Recognize The Faulting Systems and Subtle Faults of a Jurassic - Cretaceous Sedimentary Packages in Merjan_West Kifl Oil Fields - Central Iraq
Study of three dimensional seismic data of Merjan area-central Iraq has shown that the Jurassic â€“ Cretaceous succession is affected by faulting system. Seven major normal faults were identified and mapped. Synthetic traces have been calculated by using sonic and density log data of the well Me-1.Two exploration wells were drilled in the area Me-1 and Wkf-1 wells, the distance between them is 15.82 km. Discussion about the effect of this system on the sedimentary package has been presented. The tight faults that couldnâ€™t be distinguished it on seismic sections were determined using seismic attributes. They have different strike and limited in their vertical and horizontal extension. They are system facilitates the movement or migration of the fluid across the stratigraphic column in the study area. Faulting framework can be divided into two groups: the first affects the Jurassic and lower Cretaceous rocks and the second effect the upper Cretaceous and lower Tertiary rocks. The first group is associated with the post rift thermal sag, passive margin progradation and gravitational collapse (lower Jurassic â€“ upper Cretaceous (Turonian) 022 â€“ 93 Ma); approximately Sargelue â€“ NahrUmr depositional time. The second group is few and is associated with the rifting creating the Euphrates graben (Late Turonian â€“ Maastrichtian 90 â€“ 70 Ma) approximately Tanuma shale / Sadi â€“ Shiranish) depositional time.