Tectonic Boundaries and Depth Estimate of Some Gravity Sources in Diyala Area, East Central Iraq

  • Ahmed S. AL-Banna Department of Geology, College of Science, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
  • Alaa N. Daham Department of Geology, College of Science, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
Keywords: Bouguer anomaly, Magnetic RTP, Window method, THD, Tectonic boundary, Diyala-Iraq

Abstract

 The Bouguer gravity and magnetic RTP anomalies data were used to detect the main tectonic boundaries of middle and south of Diyala Province, east Iraq. Window method   was used to separate the residual anomalies using different space windows for the Bouguer and Magnetic RTP maps. The residual anomaly processed in order to reduce noise and give a more comprehensive vision about subsurface lineaments structures. Results for descriptive  interpretation presented as contour maps in order to locate directions and extensions of  lineaments feature which may interpret  as faults. The gradient technique is used for depth estimation  of some gravity source which shows that the sources depth range between (13.65 - 5.36) km. Some gravity sources confirms the depth of basement rocks, while other shallow sources related to sedimentary cover, on an assumption of body source approximated to a horizontal cylindrical. The Total Horizontal Derivative (THD) technique is used to identify the faults trends in the sedimentary cover and basement rocks depending upon gravity and magnetic data. The identified faults in the study area show (NW-SE),(NE-SW) and(N-S)trends. Most faults extending from the basement to the upper most layer of the sedimentary cover rocks. Depending on the detected faults, the main tectonic boundaries of the region were obtained.

Published
2019-02-28
How to Cite
AL-Banna, A. S., & Daham, A. N. (2019). Tectonic Boundaries and Depth Estimate of Some Gravity Sources in Diyala Area, East Central Iraq. Iraqi Journal of Science, 60(2), 308-320. Retrieved from https://ijs.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/eijs/article/view/618
Section
Geology