Analysis of Methods and Techniques Used for Speaker Identification, Recognition, and Verification: A Study on Quarter-Century Research Outcomes
The theories and applications of speaker identification, recognition, and verification are among the well-established fields. Many publications and advances in the relevant products are still emerging. In this paper, research-related publications of the past 25 years (from 1996 to 2020) were studied and analysed. Our main focus was on speaker identification, speaker recognition, and speaker verification. The study was carried out using the Science Direct databases. Several references, such as review articles, research articles, encyclopaedia, book chapters, conference abstracts, and others, were categorized and investigated. Summary of these kinds of literature is presented in this paper, together with statistical analyses to represent the publications and their categories over the mentioned period. Important information, including the dataset used, the size of the data adopted, the implemented methods, and the accuracy of the obtained results in the analysed research, are extracted from the explored publications and tabulated. The results show that the sum of published research articles is outnumbering other categories of publications. The number of researches in speech and speaker identification, recognition, and verification shows an increasing trend. Based on the normalized comparative factors of research publications, we found that many of them reached a high level of accuracy in their findings; hence the significantly superior techniques were derived and discussed for future researches. This survey paper would be beneficial for all those who wish to enhance their researches in the area of voice identification, recognition, and verification.