Hysterothylacium Persicum (Nematoda: Raphidascarididae) Parasite of Orangespotted Grouper Epinephelus coioides (Forsskål, 1775) Iraqi Marine Water Fishes

  • Majid Abdul Azizi Bannai Department of Marine Vertebrate, Marine Science Center, University of Basra, Basra, Iraq
Keywords: Hysterothylacium persicum, Nematoda, Orangespotted grouper Epinephelus coioides (Forsskål, 1775) fish, Iraqi marine waters


Hysterothylacium  is one of the most important nematode parasites parasitizing fish, and it's the most diverse species nematodes of marine parasites, these species attach to the intestinal wall via their mouth lips adaptation. In the present study, seven out of 56 fish specimens (12.5 %) were found to be infected by the adult worms of Greasy grouper fishes Orangespotted  grouper Epinephelus coioides (Forsskål, 1775)from locations of marine coastal water, Arabian Gulf, Iraq. A new recorded of Hysterothylacium spp. collected are morphologically described, genetically and  Sccaning Electron Microscope (SEM)  images for new systematic observations, on dorsal labium, sub ventral labia, posterior end of a the female and the male. Based on the study of the gene sequencer data and SEM images, it will be suggested that species are H. persicum. The study provides us some data on the taxonomy of these parasites in the Arabian Gulf. The gross examination of the fish's intestine food items and the Relationships of fish length, In this study showing that the length ranges for adult infected were 25-45 cm long, and the major food items found in the stomach were a Largest group of miscellaneous of fishes  length more than 25 cm , whereas  crustaceans miscellaneous parts of animal body, i.e. appendages, chela, parts of the  carapace  of  crustaceans  were  found  in  stomachs  in  all  the  month including except some of them in stomach of length less than 20 cm , it was clear that the 25-45cm  ctotal length feed mainly on fish  that explain fishes are the second intermediate host of IV larval stage of nematodes. In the present reported can consider that the Epinephelus coioides as a new host for Hysterothylacium persicum and  a newly recorded in Iraqi marine water . The aim of the current study is to diagnose and study new species  of parasites that belong to the genus  throughout the morphological studies along with the image data selected for SEM and sequence  and combined with the other species of  Hysterothylacium that reside in the  Iraqi marine water  and the relationships of fish length, food items and parasite infection.

How to Cite
Bannai, M. A. A. (2018). Hysterothylacium Persicum (Nematoda: Raphidascarididae) Parasite of Orangespotted Grouper Epinephelus coioides (Forsskål, 1775) Iraqi Marine Water Fishes. Iraqi Journal of Science, 59(3C), 1548-1553. Retrieved from https://ijs.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/eijs/article/view/427