Current Potential Options for COVID-19 Treatment in Iraq- Kurdistan Region and the Rest of the World: A Mini-review

Authors

  • Aryan M. Faraj Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Technical College of Applied Science in Halabja, Sulaimani Polytechnic University, Sulaymaniyah, Republic of Iraq https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7229-3717
  • Syamand A. Qadir Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Technical College of Applied Science in Halabja, Sulaimani Polytechnic University, Sulaymaniyah, Republic of Iraq
  • Othman A. Mohammed Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Technical College of Applied Science in Halabja, Sulaimani Polytechnic University, Sulaymaniyah, Republic of Iraq - Research Center, Sulaimani Polytechnic University, Sulaymaniyah, Republic of Iraq
  • Peshawa Y. Aziz epartment of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Technical College of Applied Science in Halabja, Sulaimani Polytechnic University, Sulaymaniyah, Republic of Iraq
  • Marwa Hameed Alkhafaji Department of Biology, College of Science, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Republic of Iraq
  • Heshu S. Rahman Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, University of Sulaimani, Sulaymaniyah, Republic of Iraq
  • Jeza M. Abdul Aziz Department of Medical Laboratory of Sciences, College of Health Sciences, University of Human Development, Sulaymaniyah, Republic of Iraq
  • Hemn H. Othman Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Pharmacy, University of Sulaimani, Sulaymaniyah, Republic of Iraq
  • Adel Mohan Adai AL-Zubaidy Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Technical College of Applied Science in Halabja, Sulaimani Polytechnic University, Sulaymaniyah, Republic of Iraq

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24996/ijs.2022.63.3.4

Keywords:

COVID-19, pandemic infection, treatment strategy, Kurdistan region

Abstract

    COVID-19 is an infectious pandemic disease which is caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2). Up to date, scientists are trying to identify a new specific antiviral drug to overcome this disease. Different methods are under study and evaluation in the entire world to control the virus, including blood plasma, blood purification, and antimicrobial and antiviral agents; however, there are no approved drugs yet. This review is focused on the conducted clinical trials worldwide, including the Iraq- Kurdistan region, China, USA, and Europe, to find relevant data on the agents with potential efficacy to treat the COVID-19 infection. The utmost commonly assessed therapies for this disease were chloroquine phosphate, hydroxyl-chloroquine, azithromycin, lopinavir/ritonavir, favipiravir, remdesivir, and alternatively, blood plasma, ivermectin in combination with doxycycline, and dexamethazone. This review suggests that blood plasma transfusion, the combination of hydroxyl-chloroquine with azithromycin, and remdesivir were the most abundant and efficient therapies. Thus, more light could be shed on these particular drugs on the road of drug investigation against COVID-19 pneumonia.

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Published

2022-03-30

How to Cite

Faraj, A. M. ., Qadir, S. A., Mohammed, O. A., Aziz, P. Y. ., Alkhafaji, M., Rahman, H. S. ., Abdul Aziz, J. M. ., Othman, H. H. ., & Mohan Adai AL-Zubaidy, A. . (2022). Current Potential Options for COVID-19 Treatment in Iraq- Kurdistan Region and the Rest of the World: A Mini-review. Iraqi Journal of Science, 63(3), 948–958. https://doi.org/10.24996/ijs.2022.63.3.4

Issue

Section

Biology