Interpretation of 3D Seismic Reflection Data to Reveal Stratigraphic Setting of the Reservoir of Mishrif Formation in Dujaila Oil Field, Southeast of Iraq
This research is an attempt to solve the ambiguity associated with the stratigraphic setting of the main reservoir (late Cretaceous) of Mishrif Formation in Dujaila oil field. This was achieved by studying a 3D seismic reflection post-stack data for an area of 602.62 Km2 in Maysan Governorate, southeast of Iraq. Seismic analysis of the true amplitude reflections, time maps, and 3D depositional models showed a sufficient seismic evidence that the Mishrif Formation produces oil from a stratigraphic trap of isolated reef carbonate buildups that were grown on the shelf edge of the carbonate platform, located in the area around the productive well Dujaila-1. The low-frequency attribute illustrated that it is restricted in the area around the productive well Dujaila-1, which confirmed the existence of reef porous carbonate buildups and hydrocarbon accumulation in this region. The pay zone of the reef mound trap extends for about 7 km from the well Dujaila-1 toward the southwest side and 4 km toward the well Dujaila-2, without reaching it, which is explaining why it was dry. Therefore, this area to the south of the productive well Dujaila-1 represents a good area for low-risk drilling. Consequently, the hydrocarbon system observed in the Dujaila oil field provides a new opportunity to explore and produce oil in Mishrif Formation in other areas on the flank of the productive structures and in flat areas situated on the belt of the carbonate platform edge.