Synthesis and Identification of Some Imino Chalcone Derivatives with Evaluating their Anti-oxidant Activity
This work involves the preparation of high yield iminochalcon compounds (B1-B15) through two parts. The first part involves the preparation of 2,4-dihydroxy Chalcone (A1-A15) by the condensation of 2,4-dihydroxy acetophenone with aryl aldehyde in the presence of sodium hydroxide (40%) as a catalyst. The second part includes the preparation of iminochalcon from the condensation of p-hydroxy aniline with 2,4-dihydroxy chalcone derivatives )A1-A15) in the presence of some drops of conc. H2SO4. Thin-layer chromatography ((TLC) was used to control the chemical reaction . These new derivatives were characterized by using FT-IR and 1H-NMR spectroscopy. These synthesized compounds were also assessed by the DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picryl-hydrazyl-hydrate) free radical method, through which the compounds (B1-B15) were evaluated for their antioxidant activity. The compound B3 was found to have the strongest antioxidant activity (IC50= 23.91 μg/mL) as compared to that of the common standard of ascorbic acid (IC50=31.95 μg/mL).