Automatic Pectoral Muscles Detection and Removal in Mammogram Images

  • Sarah Siham Fadhil Department of Computer Science, College of Science, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
  • Faten Abed Ali Dawood Department of Computer Science, College of Science, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
Keywords: Computer-Aided Detection/ Diagnosis, Artifacts removal, Otsu method, Pectoral muscle removal

Abstract

The main aim of the Computer-Aided Detection/Diagnosis system is to assist the radiologists in examining the digital mammograms. Digital mammogram is the most popular screening technique for early detection of breast cancer. One of the problems in breast mammogram analysis is the presence of pectoral muscles region with high intensity in the upper right or left side of most Media-Lateral Oblique views of mammogram images. Therefore, it is important to remove this pectoral muscle from the image for accurate diagnosis results. The proposed method consists of three main steps. In the first step, noise is reduced using Median filtering. In the second step, artifacts removal and breast region extraction are performed using Otsu method. Finally, the pectoral muscle is extracted and removed using the proposed Split Orientation Local Thresholding (SOLTH) algorithm. For this study, a total of 110 mammogram images from the Mini-Mias database (MIAS) were used to evaluate the proposed method’s performance. The experimental results of automatic pectoral muscle detection and removal were observed by radiologist and showed 90.9% accuracy of acceptable results.
Published
2021-02-27
How to Cite
Fadhil , S. S., & Dawood , F. A. A. (2021). Automatic Pectoral Muscles Detection and Removal in Mammogram Images. Iraqi Journal of Science, 62(2), 676-688. https://doi.org/10.24996/ijs.2021.62.2.31
Section
Computer Science