Effect of the Altitudes and Eccentricity of the Initial Orbit on Satellite Transition Efficiency
This research dealt with choosing the best satellite parking orbit and then the transition of the satellite from the low Earth orbit to the geosynchronous orbit (GEO). The aim of this research is to achieve this transition with the highest possible efficiency (lowest possible energy, time, and fuel consumption with highest accuracy) in the case of two different inclination orbits. This requires choosing a suitable primary parking orbit. All of the methods discussed in previous studies are based on two orbits at the same plane, mostly applying the circular orbit as an initial orbit. This transition required the use of the advanced technique of the Hohmann transfer method for the elliptical orbits, as we did in an earlier research, namely the transition from the perigee of the initial orbit to the final orbit and then conducting the rotation of the orbit plane to match the plane for the desired final orbit.
The effect of the perigee altitude of the initial orbit on the transition efficiency calculated for the values â€‹â€‹between 300 to 3000 km. It was found that increasing the altitude reduces the energy and fuel needed for transportation, but the time required for transportation increases, into account that the increased height of the initial or parking orbit also implies the requirement of higher energy to reach it.
The effects of eccentricity (e) values of the initial orbit between 0.01 to 0.2 on the transition efficiency were calculated. It was found that the increase in (e) reduces the energy and fuel, but does not affect the time, required for transportation.