Using Remote Sensing and GIS to Study Morphological Analysis of Kirkuk Province
Remote sensing is a source of up-to-date information. The present study relied on various approaches for gathering information, including descriptive, quantitative and quantitative analytical processes. Particularly, we conducted the analysis of the satellite data ETM + of the satellite Landsat7 and the digital models of Digital Elevation Model of SRTM using ArcGIS9.2. The model depends on primary mathematical equations and constitutes an essential base for GIS applications that rely on data, computer, and software, performing the processes of data entry, analysis and processing. This paper deals with the geomorphological characteristics of a selected study area in Kirkuk province. The characteristics of the water network were determined in terms of direction and the pattern of the water basin using the automated process based on the employment of the applications of the GIS. The study revealed that remote sensing is one of the beneficial techniques for monitoring the changes, geomorphological phenomena, and shapes of the earth's surface, as well as determining their dimensions and slopes through a set of analytical maps by geographic information systems for the study area.