Allelopathic Effect of Root Exudates of Two Sunflower Cultivars on Companion Weeds

Authors

  • Arwa A. Tawfiq Department of Biology, College of Science for Women, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
  • Ibrahim S. Alsaadawi Department of Biology, College of Science, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq

Keywords:

Allelopathy, sunflower cultivars, root exudates, companion weeds

Abstract

The effects of root exudates of two sunflower cultivars (Shumoose and Sin
Altheeb) were studied on companion weeds during the growing season of 2012.
Results showed the ability of both cultivars to affect weed population and growth
with the superiority of cultivar Shumoose in suppression of weed density at 60 and
120 days after sowing compared to Sin Altheeb. Weed biomass was significantly
reduced up to 90 and 71% by Shumoose and Sin Altheeb cultivars, respectively.
Stair case experiment indicated that root exudates of Shumoose cultivar showed
more suppression to weeds than Sin Altheeb giving additional evidence for the
superiority of Shumoose cultivar in its allelopathic weed suppression. Chemical
analysis by High performance liquid chromatography indicate the presence of nine
compounds in root exudates of Sin Altheeb and eight compounds in Shumoose, and
all are Phenolic in nature with differential concentrations between these cultivars Most of the isolated chemicals known for their inhibiting ability for germination and
growth of plants, including weeds. Total of the isolated phenolics was doubled in
Shumoose than in Sin Altheeb.

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Published

2023-10-22

Issue

Section

Biology

How to Cite

Allelopathic Effect of Root Exudates of Two Sunflower Cultivars on Companion Weeds. (2023). Iraqi Journal of Science, 55(4A), 1516-1509. https://ijs.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/eijs/article/view/11247

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