Deep Belief Network for Predicting the Predisposition to Lung Cancer in TP53 Gene
Lung cancer, similar to other cancer types, results from genetic changes. However, it is considered as more threatening due to the spread of the smoking habit, a major risk factor of the disease. Scientists have been collecting and analyzing the biological data for a long time, in attempts to find methods to predict cancer before it occurs. Analysis of these data requires the use of artificial intelligence algorithms and neural network approaches. In this paper, one of the deep neural networks was used, that is the enhancer Deep Belief Network (DBN), which is constructed from two Restricted Boltzmann Machines (RBM). The visible nodes for the first RBM are 13 nodes and 8 nodes in each hidden layer for the two RBMs. The enhancer DBN was trained by Back Propagation Neural Network (BPNN), where the data sets were divided into 6 folds, each is split into three partitions representing the training, validation, and testing. It is worthy to note that the proposed enhancer DBN predicted lung cancer in an acceptable manner, with an average F-measure value of 0. 96 and an average Matthews Correlation Coefficient (MCC) value of 0. 47 for 6 folds.