Mining Deviations in Document Writing Style through Vector Dissimilarity


  • Nasreen J. Kadhim Department of Computer Science/ College of Science, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq



Intrinsic plagiarism detection, center vector dissimilarity, Cosine similarity, n-gram length


     Doubts arise about the originality of a document when noticing a change in its writing style. This evidence to plagiarism has made the intrinsic approach for detecting plagiarism uncover the plagiarized passages through the analysis of the writing style for the suspicious document where a reference corpus to compare with is absent.

     The proposed work aims at discovering the deviations in document writing style through applying several steps: Firstly, the entire document is segmented into disjointed segments wherein each corresponds to a paragraph in the original document. For the entire document and for each segment, center vectors comprising average  weight of their word  are constructed. Second, the degree of closeness is calculated through applying Cosine similarity to measure for each segment, the deviation of its center vector from the center vector of the entire document. Additionally, word n-gram length will be investigated to show its effect on the proposed system performance wherein, center vectors are computed considering word n-grams for different values of n (n= 1, 2, and 3).

Performance evaluation of the proposed method was accomplished through the use of Precision, Recall, F-measure, Granularity, and Plagdet as evaluation measures. Moreover, PAN-PC-09 and PAN-PC-11 were used for detecting intrinsic plagiarism as evaluation corpora. It is shown that the proposed approach has achieved results that are comparable to the state-of-the-art methods. Positive impact was observed through discovering deviations in document writing style by computing weight vectors dissimilarity rather than calculating the difference between the word n-grams that exist in segments and their corresponding word n-grams in the suspicious document. Furthermore, when considering the length of word n-gram, better results were recorded for system performance when word bi-grams was used compared to word uni-grams and word tri-grams.




Computer Science

How to Cite

Mining Deviations in Document Writing Style through Vector Dissimilarity. (n.d.). Iraqi Journal of Science, 65(4).