Bulk Volume Determination by Modified Water Displacement Method

  • Ubong Williams Robert Department of Physics, Akwa Ibom State University, Ikot Akpaden, Mkpat Enin
  • Sunday Edet Etuk Department of Physics, University of Uyo, Uyo
  • Okechukwu Ebuka Agbasi Department of Physics, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike
Keywords: Reproducibility, Ungraduated Cylindrical Tube, Bland-Atman Plot, Composite Board


In this work, a modified water displacement method (MWDM) was designed and used alongside geometry method (GEM), overflow method (OFM) and water displacement method (WDM) for determination of bulk volume of a porous solid. Their results were analyzed graphically and statistically. On testing against the data obtained by Suspension/Buoyancy Method (SBM) used as gold standard, it was found that only those generated by the modified water displacement method (MWDM) were of very high accuracy and precision. Apart from its reproducibility being within the recommended range for acceptability of a test method, the technique is cost-effective and easy to apply even with an ungraduated glass cylindrical tube. This can go a long way in enhancing thorough physical characterization of porous solids without the use of high cost, sophisticated and complex equipment.

How to Cite
Robert, U. W., Etuk, S. E., & Agbasi, O. E. (2019). Bulk Volume Determination by Modified Water Displacement Method. Iraqi Journal of Science, 60(8), 1704-1710. https://doi.org/10.24996/ijs.2019.60.8.7