Data Hiding in 3D Model Based on Surface Properties


  • Nashwan Alsalam Ali Department of Computer Sciences, College of Education for Women, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq



Data hiding, 3D Model, Mean curvature, Geometrical, Topology


    Data hiding strategies have recently gained popularity in different fields; Digital watermark technology was developed for hiding copyright information in the image visually or invisibly. Today, 3D model technology has the potential to alter the field because it allows for the production of sophisticated structures and forms that were previously impossible to achieve. In this paper, a new watermarking method for the 3D model is presented. The proposed method is based on the geometrical and topology properties of the 3D model surface to increase the security. The geometrical properties are based on computing the mean curvature for a surface and topology based on the number of edges around each vertex, the vertices that have negative mean curvature and an odd number of edges around the vertex are selected for embedding. Selecting the vertex with negative mean curvature value means the vertex located in the deep region of the surface, so it not noticeable change to human eyes. To evaluate the performance of the proposed algorithm, the PSNR, and CF are used as a measurement to evaluate the visibility and robustness of the 3D watermarked model. The experimental results have shown the proposed algorithm has good imperceptibility where the PSNR reach up to 44.41 and robustness against attack where the CF is one in many cases.






Computer Science

How to Cite

Data Hiding in 3D Model Based on Surface Properties. (2023). Iraqi Journal of Science, 64(2), 973-983.

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