SARS-CoV2 Viral Ct Values Correlation with Some Patients’ Factors and Disease Outcome

Authors

  • Hussein Abdulsalam Hussein Department of Biology, College of Medicine- University of Duhok, Duhok,Iraq
  • Amer Abdalla Goreal Department of Medical Microbiology, College of Medicine, University of Duhok, Duhok, Iraq https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4567-5717

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24996/ijs.2024.65.3.5

Keywords:

SARS-CoV2, Ct value, disease severity, Comorbidities

Abstract

Viral load of COVID-19 can be concluded from the cycle threshold (Ct) values measured by RT-PCR test performed on suspected samples. SARS-CoV2 viral load has not been standardized yet to reflect the outcome of COVID-19 infection. This cross-sectional study was performed to detect the frequency of SARS-CoV2 among suspected patients and the correlation of viral RNA load represented by cycle threshold (Ct) values with patients’ clinical presentation (disease severity), comorbidities and demographic data.

A total of 520 participants suspected to have SARS-CoV2 infection were enrolled. After filling a questionnaire, a nasopharyngeal swab was collected from each patient and subjected to RT-PCR with the use of specific primers. Ct values of positive cases were obtained.

Results revealed that 277 (53.3%) of samples were positive by RT-PCR, of which 160 (57.8 %) were males and 117 (42.2 %) females, with mean Ct value being 27.43. There was no significant correlation of Ct values with different age groups, gender and comorbidities. However, higher Ct values (lower viral RNA load) were recorded in severe and critical patients, which was an interesting result.

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Published

2024-03-29

Issue

Section

Biology

How to Cite

SARS-CoV2 Viral Ct Values Correlation with Some Patients’ Factors and Disease Outcome. (2024). Iraqi Journal of Science, 65(3), 1230-1238. https://doi.org/10.24996/ijs.2024.65.3.5

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