Role of Kisspeptin Gene Polymorphism in Idiopathic Male Infertility in Iraq
This case control study aimed to determine single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the Kisspeptin (KISS1) gene in males with idiopathic infertility and their association with sex hormones and semen quality. The study included a total of 60 infertile and 30 healthy fertile males. Our results show that the level of the measured hormones (LH, FSH, Testosterone, Prolactin and Kisspeptin-54) were higher in the control group than in the male infertile group at p<0.05. We used polymerase chain reaction restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RELP) for the genotyping of KISS1 position rs35431622 (Q36R) KISS1, which showed three different genotypes of different sizes; a wild-type homozygous AA of 233 bp and a heterozygous AG that has digestion products of 233, 161, and 72 bp. The AG was more frequent in the patients group which also had high OR value of G allele (3.105). While for the rs4889 (C/G(, there was a correlation between the CC genotype and the patients group, but it was non-significant. Patients had an OR value of 2.5 for the CC genotype with 95% CI: 0.21 – 29.26, whereas the OR value for the C allele was 1.14 with 95% CI: 0.613 – 2.135. In conclusion, variations in SNPs of the KISS1 gene may be considered as a risk factor for idiopathic male infertility in Iraqi population.