Playfair with Multi Strata Encryption

  • Raghad K. Salih Department of Applied Sciences, University of Technology, Baghdad, Iraq
  • Madeha Sh. Yousif Department of Applied Sciences, University of Technology, Baghdad, Iraq
Keywords: Playfair, substitution, transposition, multi strata


     Playfair cipher is a substitution scheme. The classical playfair scheme has a limited matrix size  containing only uppercase letters, so it is prone to hackers and cryptanalysis. To increase the resistance of playfair cipher, a new encipherment and decipherment method is proposed in this work, which depends on the permutation and its inverse, respectively. In addition, a modified  key matrix is utilized, which includes capital and small Alphabets, numbers, and 38 special characters collected from ASCII codes. In the proposed method, both substitution and transposition schemes are used, where the first stratum of the cipher is a substitution by using  key matrix and the second stratum is a transposition by using permutation key which provides multi strata resistance to brute force and other cryptanalysis attacks. A comparison between the traditional playfair scheme and the proposed method demonstrates that the encoded text is hard to recognize by cryptanalysts, which improves the security of the encryption process.

How to Cite
Salih, R. K., & Yousif, M. S. (2021). Playfair with Multi Strata Encryption. Iraqi Journal of Science, 62(9), 3237-3242.
Computer Science