Pulsed Laser Deposition of Tio2 Nanostructures for Verify the Linear and Non-Linear Optical Characteristics
The present work aims to achieve pulsed laser deposition ofTiO2 nanostructures and investigate their nonlinear properties using z-scan technique.The second harmonic Q-switched Nd: YAG laser at repetition rate of 1Hz and wavelength of 532 nm with three different laser fluencies in the range of 0.77-1.1 J/cm2 was utilized to irradiate the TiO2 target. The products of laser-induced plasma were characterized by utilizing UV-Vis absorption spectroscopy, x-ray diffraction (XRD), atomic force Microscope (AFM),and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR). A reasonable agreement was found among the data obtained usingX-Ray diffraction, UV-Vis and Raman spectroscopy. The XRD results showed that the prepared TiO2 thin films were all crystallite structure with no impurity peaks of other elements. Also, their peak intensities were increased with increasing the ablating laser fluency. AFM measurements indicated that,during pulsed laser deposition, as the laser fluency was increased, the average diameter of the prepared TiO2 nanoparticles (TiO2 NPs)was decreased from 86 to 57 nm, althoughthe differences were increased with the increase in the laser fluency. The multiphoton absorption was investigated using ultra-fast femtosecond laser with the z-scan method.The impact of thickness of the prepared films on the non-linear absorption coefficient was studied as well.