Alterations of Obestatin, Cardiac Markers and Lipid Profile Levels in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
The current investigation aimed to test the alterations of the levels of obestatin hormone, lipid profile and cardiac function markers in relation to hyperglycemia in patients with non-insulin diabetes mellitus. The study included 118 diabetic subjects (56 males, 62 females) and 60 healthy non-diabetic subjects (30 males, 30 females). Diabetic and healthy subjects were age-matched. Serum levels of obestatin, lipid profile markers including total cholesterol (STC), triglycerides (STG), low and high density lipoproteins (LDL-C and HDL-C), as well as cardiac function markers including, creatine kinase and lactate dehydrogenase enzymes were determined in all subjects. The findings revealed a remarkable decrease in the level of serum obestatin in both diabetic males and females with both age ranges (40-59 and 60-80 years). On the other hand, the results showed that serum STC, LDL-C, and STG levels were statistically significantly elevated, while that for HDL-C was significantly decreased in diabetic males and females with both age ranges. Concerning the cardiac markers, the results found out that the levels of CK-MB and LDH were significantly increased in type 2 diabetic males and females with both age ranges. The results suggested that a low concentration of obestatin is a significant risk factor for type 2 DM, with a key role for this hormone in the pathogenesis. Accordingly, altered levels of obestatin could be used as an important indicator for type 2 DM. The current study also suggests a direct relationship between lipid profiles, except for HDL, the decreased obestatin level, the increased cardiac function markers, and hyperglycemic status in type 2 DM.